The overall goal of this landmark research is to have an informed and shared understanding of how the notion of ‘manhood’ or ‘masculinity’ influences and limit men’s perceptions, practices and attitudes. Particularly as it relates to violence against women and gender equality in order to design and implement programmes and policy that that will create equality and equity in Nigeria.
Our evidence gathering will focus both:
- Internally—showcasing the V4C ‘social norms marketing’ approach as a pathway to social transformation. This will be primarily generated through internal V4C monitoring and evaluation activities.
- Externally— commissioning specific research studies around a central theme, including reviews of existing knowledge and significant primary field research. This research will inform outputs’ work where there is little evidence available, and feed into the Landmark Research Reports.
Rationale for selecting this theme
- The extent to which the notion of “manhood” or ‘masculinity’ impacts on men and women’s behaviour and their vulnerability is not well understood.
- No work currently analyses how the notion of masculinity impacts policies that affect women and girls.
- Even though some local and international work focusing on men’s involvement shows promise for shifting gender inequality, only few research themes explicitly focus on masculinity.
- V4C believes that a landmark research report on the theme of men and masculinities—with a focus on the gaps identified above—would make an important contribution to the Nigerian knowledge base on gender.
A major part of the first landmark research report is a large scale study of masculinity in Nigeria, using qualitative and quantitative methods. This study uses the IMAGES (International Men and Gender Equality Survey) methodology, and has the following objectives:
- To explore men and women’s understanding of masculinity, and male and female roles, in Nigeria
- To explore the extent to which the notion of “manhood” or ‘masculinity’ impacts on men and women’s behaviour and their vulnerability
- To establish possible linkages between the practices of masculinity and unequal power gender relations between men and women. Especially in relation to violence against women, social, political, economic and cultural inequality and exclusion
- To compare regional variation of practice of masculinity by men and boys while identifying positive deviants and systems of sanction and rewards for deviation
- To explore opportunities and barriers to change practices of formal and informal institutions e.g. family, schools, media, religion etc. that re-enforce negative practices of masculinity